Artículos en Inglés
Meet the Careers of the Future
Translated into English/Edited by: Franshesca Romero
10 years ago, Facebook did not exist, much less Twitter, the only leading social network in El Salvador being Hi5. One also didn’t hear terms like “community manger” (the person in charge of managing the presence of different social networking brands).
Undoubtedly, these technological advancements bring along new work opportunities, as confirmed by Rene Santos, a college professor who teaches Electronic Journalism at the Universidad Centroamericana José Simeón Cañas.
He claims that “Although machine-power has replaced man power since the Industrial Revolution, technology still lacks a human brain which is capable of making decisions under different circumstances. Decisions that a machine would not be able to make and this is where new job opportunities arise as technology evolves and becomes a way of life.”
According to the 2011 report of the “Sistema de Educación Superior en El Salvador” (System of College Education in El Salvador) the country has a population of around 116,521 college students: 1,703 of them in graduate studies, 102,445 in undergraduate studies and 12,373 getting a Bachelor’s degree.
The report shows that 30.09% of the 116,000 students are studying for art-related as well as architectural careers. 29.58% study Finance and Economics. 14.82% study health-related careers. 1.87% study Natural Sciences, while 1.27% studies Agricultural Sciences and 4.20% studies Social Sciences. 18.80% are Law Students. 2.22% of the students study Humanities. 18.70% study technology and, finally, 7.45% study Education.
These numbers are discouraging when taken into account that the majority of job opportunities are becoming closely related with technology. Alejandro Domínguez, Academic Corporative Director of the Universidad Tecnológica de México, UNITEC, (Technological University of Mexico) says that “job offers in the mathematics, sciences, communications, and technological fields will soar by 2016.” He estimates that “In the next 7 years, the number of jobs in these different fields will increase 24% in the U.S”.
Domínguez assures that this tendency will be replicated in the different underdeveloped countries and in countries that already have an established technological structure. Another academic trend is to combine studies-for a double or triple major, for example,“The important thing for a professional is to choose a combination of different knowledge that will seem appealing for short-term hiring. An example of such a thing would be a lawyer who also knows about finances. He will be an expert at resolving tax disputes. Likewise, an attorney who knows about Real Estate will excel in Estate cases,” says Domínguez. Nevertheless, despite the International growth potential, students who are pursuing technological careers in El Salvador barely amount to a total of 18.70%.
“Biomedical career began in 1987, a time period when areas in Biomedical Engineering like Clinical Engineering, Medical Instruments studies, Medical Informatics, and Rehab Engineering experienced a considerable boost,” says Luis Barriere, Director of the Biomedical Engineering School in the Universidad Don Bosco (UDB).
Barriere explains that “the Biomedical Engineering’s study plan of UDB means to turn a young student into a professional who integrates Engineering, Biomedical sciences, and clinical practices with a multidisciplinary and multi-professional perspective. In this way, he can contribute to problem solving in biology and medicine in order to improve people’s quality of life. This area in Engineering and biomedical techniques is based on the use of scientific, technologic, biologic, engineering, and medical advances that contribute to scientific, economic, and social development. It also improves people’s and the community’s well-being.”
Barriere adds that there is an annual 10.86% average of student drop-outs, and that the graduating efficiency between 2007 and 2012 has been that of about 19.15 students per year. Industrial Manufacturing, Biomedical Technologies, Hospitals and different health care facilities are fields among those where graduated professionals may find work.
According to the Department of Labor in the U.S, which was retaken by CNN Expansion, in the future, job opportunities will be found in areas related to mathematics, sciences, technology, and communications.
The Salvadorean government does not have a motivating policy towards the type of careers that focus on new technology. Likewise, private universities throughout the country do little to offer young students technological careers that provide a better income, which would propel technological development in the country. In addition to opportunities offered by technology, Juridical and Economical Science studies are the careers with the highest demand in the country according to the 2011 Report.